What Is Medical Waste Management

On October 2, 2011, in Medical Waste, by Jitendra

If you are looking into the definition of medical wastes, these comprise of wide categories of wastes which arise from the diagnosis, treatment and other forms of clinical interventions which take place in hospitals or clinics.

Hospital waste management in India is governed by the Bio Medical Waste(Management & Handling) Rules, 1998 which lays down guidelines for hospitals, clinics nursing homes, pathological labs and other associated facilities which generate bio medical wastes and handle more than thousand patients per month. The Act lays down guidelines as to how the different forms of medical wastes are to be put in different containers or bags and how they are to be treated in separate facilities or sent off by special disposal carriers.

What Is Medical Waste Management The different types of medical waste treatment which may vary from country to country but in general, there are some broad categorization that is generally adhered to.

Pathological wastes are part of regulated medical wastes which need to be specially handled and treated prior to disposal. Pathological wastes consist of surgery, autopsy, obstetrical procedures and the different forms of human tissues, organs or other body parts which are thrown or disposed of in such processes.

Infectious wastes form the second category of medical wastes. These consist of liquid wastes, human blood, blood products like serum, plasma and other parts of body fluids which contain infections due to the presence of different types of pathogens.

Sharps are another distinct category of medical wastes which consist of sharp objects such as needles, scalpels, blades. Such objects are capable of cutting the skin or penetrating the skin of waste handlers and leaving behind infections.

Animal wastes also form a type of medical wastes especially in research facilities where such animal specimens are used for experimentation. The carcasses of such animals or their body parts need to be disposed of properly. Usually deep burial is opted for to reduce possibility of spreading diseases from such dead animals.

Chemotherapy wastes is another distinct form of medical wastes which need special treatment nowadays. These can consist of chemicals or agents which may consist of radioactive agents which help in prevention of growth of malignant cells. Such highly potent medicines or infected body fluids or parts of infected patients need to be disposed of carefully to reduce possibility of the environment getting polluted from such toxic materials.

These are some of the main forms of medical wastes and each type of waste needs a specific form of waste management.

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