The Environmental Protection Agency manages the chemical waste disposal. The State and local authorities may apply additional conditions for the regulation of chemical disposal. The treatment and disposal requirements depend on the waste characteristics, disposal methods, as well as the dangers faced by human health and the environment. The producers of chemical wastes are responsible for their shipping, treatment, proper management, storage, and disposal. The EPA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) do the classification of the chemical wastes as solid wastes. It actually based on the characteristics of the waste as some process chemicals can get exemption from RCRA and released to a wastewater stream and on other hand other chemical wastes need to be disposed in a allowed solid waste landfill. In case of hazardous waste, they need to be disposed as defined by the RCRA.

Rules for Chemical Waste DisposalAs per the guidelines of the RCRA, the chemical waste needs to be neutralized prior to their release, the ignitable wastes should be incinerated, reactive wastes must be treated, and toxic wastes must be disposed in such fashion for prevention of their release to the environment. The release of chemicals in a publicly owned treatment works (POTW) is permissible if Clean Water Act standards are fulfilled. The Clean Water Act (CWA) is dedicated to the regulation of discharges to POTWs. It easily discharges the chemical wastes in their water that should complete the national pre-treatment standards. The CWA and the NPDES is responsible for the regulation of these chemicals.

The Chemical waste should have proper marking, packaging, and labelling as per the rules of the hazardous material transportation regulations. The chemical wastes should be accompanied by suitable shipping papers. The papers should have the records of tracking the waste from the generator to the treatment, or disposal facility. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration rules are also applied for the management of chemical wastes. Those workers that were affected by chemical wastes should be informed of the dangers faced by these chemicals.

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