Incineration Method

On October 6, 2011, in Solid Waste Management, by Jitendra

For solid waste management incineration is the second most popular method next to landfill. Management of waste has become an elaborate process in all modern societies as civic authorities struggle to find hygienic ways to help remove wastes from the lanes and community areas and need to come up with ways to control the growing amount of waste that civilized society churns out every day.

Incineration methods comprise of combusting of organic substances and wastes which are usually household wastes, medical and hazardous wastes as well. Usually landfill method of accumulating wastes leads to a problem of dealing with high volumes of waste matter. Incineration method offers a solution of rapidly reducing the voluminous wastes which accumulate. Incineration methods use the combustion process to reduce many organic and even inorganic wastes to ashes. These are then converted to ashes and transferred to landfill areas.

Incineration Method The ash, gases, particulates and heat which are generated in the high heat thermal treatment which wastes are subjected to in incinerators, are then utilized to generate the power to run such incinerators. Thus, incinerators help to conserve energy.

Clinical and hazardous substances are best eliminated with the help of incinerators. The pathogens and harmful toxins in such substances get perished in the high temperature of such devices. As landfill areas are becoming limited, incineration method is one of the useful ways of handling and managing solid wastes.

However, such method is not without side effects. Combustion of wastes can lead to environmental pollution since the gases which are let off are pollutant to the air; again, many by products of e-waste when combusted lead to toxic substances which need to be removed or else can pollute our land and air. The ash, flue gas and other types of emissions are perilous to human life and these if not treated and allowed to escape into the atmosphere, can lead to further pollution of the environment.

To deal with the different types of wastes which are generated by society, today there are different types of incinerator plants which are designed. These can be of moving grate, rotary kiln, fluidized bed, fixed grate and so forth. The modern incinerators come with scrubbers and cleaning equipments which help to remove harmful emissions and by products such as dioxins and heavy metals which can pollute the environment.

Thus, incineration method has its benefits over other forms of waste treatment methods but the emissions and by products need to be treated accordingly to reduce the negative side effects of such a method.

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