The proper disposal and management of the Hospital waste is of utmost importance. It is required for the prevention of spread of diseases borne by hospital waste. As per the WHO, hospital waste can be categorized into infectious, pathological, pharmaceuticals, sharps, radioactive, and other waste including the contaminated bed linen and utensils. Depending on the various type of hospital waste, there are different methods of waste disposal. You should prepare a plan for the disposal of hospital waste and consider the proper ventilation as well as premises for disposal. This plan should look for opportunities for minimizing, recycling and even reusing waste material if permissible. It is mandatory to do a waste survey at the hospital. You should evaluate the different options and also think about the cost of implementing different strategies.
You should train employees as per the different types of waste and ways for handling each type. It should be done for both new as well as old employees. You should segregate waste material on the basis of type of waste. You should store the waste into separate containers as per their type and labelled them clearly. The hazardous material needs to be stored as per the regulations. The waste needs to be stored in a central storage unit prior to its transportation to the disposal plant. The disposal of the waste can be done by a steam autoclave. You can shred biohazard and normal wastes after their treatment from steam autoclaving. You need to take care that few wastes cannot be treated with steam autoclave and it includes animal pathological waste, radioactive wastes and chemotherapy wastes.
The disposal of the pathological wastes including body parts and animal wastes cannot be done by steam autoclaving. These wastes are required to be disposed by burying it or cremating the waste. You need to use an anti-microbial chemical for the decontamination of the hospital waste. This method do not include the treatment with high temperatures and uses chemicals like sodium hypochlorite, peracetic acid and chlorine dioxide.