Training of medical staff is of paramount importance in hospitals of all countries. Hospital wastes consist of hazardous materials which need to be disposed of in proper ways and such procedures can be implemented not only through specific laws and regulations in every country but with also adequate training of employees in hospitals and health care units.
Most hospitals generate wastes eighty five percent of which is non hazardous; the remaining fifteen percent which may consist of bio medical wastes, radioactive or chemical wastes can contaminate not only the rest of the hospital wastes but also holds great danger of polluting the environment and raising health issues for public if such wastes are not properly treated.
In India the Bio Medical Waste(Management & Handling) Rules, 1998 is one of the compressive set of rules for ensuring proper disposal of hospital wastes, especially of biomedical wastes. Every hospital needs to arrange for awareness and training programme of these rules in India. Every country has its own set of specific rules and regulations regarding disposal of biomedical wastes. It is the duty of hospital management to hold training programs to educate their staff on the nuances of such rules and to lay down clear procedures as to how such rules should be implemented. In India this rule was implemented by the Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India. This rule authorizes the Delhi Pollution Control Committee in granting authorization for collecting, receiving, storing and treatment of bio medical wastes. The rules are applicable to all hospitals, nursing homes, veterinary hospitals, pathological labs, blood banks and other places which generate wastes and provide treatment or service to more than a thousand patients every month. Such units are required to have their own facility for treatment of such wastes or to set up a common facility with other units. There are schedules in the rules which lay down specific guidelines as to what type of containers or bags should be used for the different forms of wastes produced.
The rules also provide for operators of bio medical waste facilities to offer their services to medical institutions for an additional fee as determined in the schedules of the Act. The authorization that is granted to the various medical institutions need to be renewed after a period of three years. Again, the carriers of bio medical wastes also need to adhere to the rules laid down in the Act.
Thus, the medical staff of every hospital or clinic need to be duly trained and made aware of such rules which exist regarding hospital waste management.