A landfill is usually a place which is designated by municipalities as areas to dump solid wastes which are collected from different points of a town or city. This is one of the oldest forms of dumping of waste. This is usually done by dumping wastes and burying them on the ground. These may be sites where a producer of waste uses it to dump the waste disposals for their dumping purposes solely or many garbage authorities may use a common area for landfill and so forth.
Land fills are also used as areas from where the sewage is either moved for different types of treatments, is used as a temporary storage place from where recyclable materials are moved to recycling plants and so forth. A landfill may also denote an area which has been filled with rocks so that the land can be used to make houses or other forms of constructions. Landfills are nowadays not simply open areas for collecting garbage; these areas need to follow certain protocols and management and treatment methods to prevent such wastes from polluting the environment.
Today, landfills need to occupy as small an area as possible and are to be compacted to reduce the volume of solid wastes; again, they are to be covered with soil layers daily to reduce contamination of the environment.
Landfill operations are done by waste collection vehicles. These vehicles arrive with the wastes and these are weighed at the weighbridge and the load is inspected so that the wastes are as per the landfill’s waste acceptance criteria. E-wastes are nowadays stricken off the landfill areas since they need to be treated separately to reduce the chances of toxicity of such appliance components polluting the environment. Then, the wastes are collect in designated areas in the landfills. Once the loads are deposited, compactors or dozers spread and help to compact the waste. The collection vehicles are then subjected to a cleaning process and may be weighed before leaving the premises to ascertain their weight without load. The daily incoming waste is measured in tonnage and added to a waste management database in many landfill management offices.
There are various land filling methods which are used in different countries. But in most landfills, compression is a vital aspect. Before the rubbish is deposited, defined cell areas are identified and rubberized landfill liners are placed so that the dumping of wastes does not seep into the soil layers and move onto pollute the land and water in the surrounding areas.
In these ways landfill areas are found, maintained and waste management takes place in such garbage disposal areas.